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 FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES

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مُساهمةموضوع: FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES   11/12/09, 05:12 am

FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES

Form of Adjectives

Rules

1. Adjectives are invariable:
They do not change their form depending on the gender or number of the noun.


A hot potato

Some hot potatoes


2. To emphasise or strengthen the meaning of an adjective use 'very' or 'really':


A very hot potato

Some really hot potatoes.


(BUT see also [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط])

Position of adjectives

a) Usually in front of a noun: A beautiful girl.

b) After verbs like "to be", "to seem" , "to look", "to taste":

Examples

· The girl is beautiful

· You look tired

· This meat tastes funny.

c) After the noun: in some fixed expressions:

Examples

· The Princess Royal

· The President elect

· a court martial

d) After the noun with the adjectives involved, present, concerned:

Examples

I want to see the people involved/concerned (= the people who have something to do with the matter)

Here is a list of the people present (= the people who were in the building or at the meeting)

Be careful! When these adjectives are used before the noun they have a different meaning:

· An involved discussion = detailed, complex

· A concerned father = worried, anxious

· The present situation = current, happening now














FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES

Function of Adjectives

Adjectives can:

Describe feelings or qualities:

Examples

· He is a lonely man

· They are honest people

Give nationality or origin:

Examples

· Pierre is French

· This clock is German

· Our house is Victorian

Tell more about a thing's characteristics:

Examples

· A wooden table.

· The knife is sharp.

Tell us about age:

Examples

· He's young man

· My coat is very old

Tell us about size and measurement:

Examples

· John tall man.

· This is a very longfilm.

Tell us about colour:

Examples

· Paul wore a redshirt.

· The sunset was crimson and gold.

Tell us about material/what something is made of:

Examples

· It was a woodentable

· She wore a cotton dress

Tell us about shape:

Examples

· A rectangular box

· A square envelope

Express a judgement or a value:

Examples

· A fantasticfilm

· Grammar is boring.




FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES

Order of Adjectives

Rules

Where a number of adjectives are used together, the order depends on the function of the adjective. The usual order is:

Value/opinion, Size, Age/Temperature, Shape, Colour, Origin, Material


Value/opinion

delicious, lovely, charming



Size

small, huge, tiny



Age/Temperature

old, hot, young



Shape

round, square, rectangular



Colour

red, blonde, black



Origin

Swedish, Victorian, Chinese



Material

plastic, wooden, silver




Examples:

· a lovely old red post-box

· some small round plastic tables

· some charming small silver ornaments












FPRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT=" COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

COMPARATIVE + THAN

To compare the difference between two people, things or events.

Examples

· Mt. Everest is higher than Mt. Blanc.

· Thailand is sunnier than Norway.

· A car is more expensive than a bicycle.

· Albert is more intelligent than Arthur.




COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

NOT AS + ADJECTIVE + AS

Difference can also be shown by using not so/as ...as:

Examples

· Mont Blanc is not as high as Mount Everest

· Norway is not as sunny as Thailand

· A bicycle is not as expensive as a car

· Arthur is not as intelligent as Albert
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FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES
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