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 Succinct Synopsis of Daniel Defoe

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كاتب الموضوعرسالة
Mohammed Al Daqs
محاضر بالكلية
محاضر بالكلية


المساهمات : 15
نقاط التميز : 14
طالب بقسم : English
السنة الدراسية : Independent Lecturer
العمر : 41
الدولة : Syria
البرج : السرطان
البرج الصيني : القط
الجنس : ذكر

مُساهمةموضوع: Succinct Synopsis of Daniel Defoe   21/02/11, 08:04 pm

Background Information

Daniel Defoe [ˈdænjəl dɪˈfəʊ] is a British writer (circa 1660–1731) whose best known works are Robinson Crusoe [rɒbənsən ˈkruːsəʊ] & Moll Flanders [mɒl flɑːndəz]. Here is Daniel Defoe in profile:

 Daniel’s father worked as a butcher and made and sold candles.
 Young Daniel regretted the fact that he was not of the gentry class and could not attend a prestigious school, such as Oxford or Cambridge.
 Defoe made preparations to become a minister, but declined later.
 Daniel settled into the business world, working as a hosiery [ˈhəʊzjəri] [ˈhoʊʒəri] (haberdashery) merchant in London.
 In 1683, he married Mary Tuffley, the daughter of a wine cooper.
 A speaker of six languages, Defoe represented the ultimate in the self-educated man.
 Defoe wrote Robinson Crusoe when he was in sixties.
 Defoe went bankrupt in 1692 with debts and was imprisoned for a short period.
 Defoe developed many business schemes, but lacked planning and follow-through skills.
 Defoe gained a staunch readership.
 In 1690s, Defoe’s marriage and business came a cropper.
 He involved himself in politics and became a prolific writer.
 “Shortest Way” led to Defoe’s arrest and conviction for sedition.
 As a result of his controversial writings, Defoe was arrested, imprisoned, tried, and sentenced to pay a fine and to stand three times in the pillory.
 After his release from prison, Defoe immersed himself in political journalism.
 Defoe wrote The True Born Englishman (1701) as an epitome [ɪˈpɪtəmi] of satire [ˈsætaɪə].
 He used his time in prison to write a mock ode Hymn [hɪm] to the Pillory [ˈpɪləri]” (1703).
 Defoe was a secret agent for the government.
 Defoe wrote for different parties, switching his allegiance [əˈliːdʒəns].
 In 1719 Defoe became the most prolific writer of his day; 500 literary works.
 Defoe’s literary works are unknown; he used to write anonymously.
 Daniel Defoe was one of the most important novelists in the 18th century.
 As a product of the Age of Reason, Defoe supported empirical thought.
 Robinson Crusoe was published in 1719.
 Defoe’s best-written novel – Moll Flanders – was written in 1722.
 Defoe’s last novel was Roxana.
 Defoe’s novels presented realistic characters in a realistic manner.
 Defoe was sneered at by the literary class.
 Daniel tried to improve his image by changing his surname from Foe to Defoe.
 Defoe bought an expensive coach with a coat of arms and stylish accoutrements.
 Defoe died in 1734 as a poor man.
 An honorary title was conferred on Defoe as “The Father of the English Novel”.

Robinson Crusoe

- Robinson Crusoe is an adventure novel published in 1719.
- Robinson Crusoe is a fictional autobiography of the title character.
- Robinson Crusoe is a castaway who spent 28 years on a remote tropical island.
- The story was perhaps influenced by Alexander Selkirk and Gulliver’s Travels.
- Crusoe's island was probably based on the Caribbean island of Tobago.
- Robinson Crusoe is a panoramic novel recording the 18th century; Age of Reason.

Key Facts
Setting (Time) From 1659 to 1694.
Setting (Place) Hull in York (England), London, Yarmouth Roads, Sallee (Morocco) [məˈrɒkəʊ], North Africa, Brazil [brəˈzɪl], an uninhabited island off Trinidad and Tobago [trɪnədæd ənd təˈbeɪɡəʊ] (near Venezuela) [venəˈzweɪlə] in the Caribbean Sea [kærəˈbiːən siː], England, Lisbon [ˈlɪzbən] (Portugal) [ˈpɔːtʃəɡəl] then overland from Spain [speɪn] toward England, and finally the island again.

Tone: When we speak of Crusoe’s tone, we sense certain literary points:
o The tone is detached, meticulous and objective.
o Little rhetorical grandeur is displayed.
o Poetic sumptuousness is not ubiquitous in Robinson Crusoe’s descriptions.
o Defoe steers clear of dramatic storytelling.
o Defoe hardly voices his feelings.
o Defoe follows inventory-like approach to the facts as they unfold.
o Defoe’s tone sounds full of his time ideology adopted in Britain.
o Defoe’s conflicting opinion is voiced with much vacillation and fluctuation.
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Succinct Synopsis of Daniel Defoe
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